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Written by Marie Richter
Floods in Germany spur new election misinformation while Russian and right-wing sites continue to target the Green party with false claims ahead of Germany’s federal elections
With less than a month until Germany elects a new government, misinformation about the upcoming election, the Bundestagswahl, has run rife on social media in Germany and has found a niche in predominantly right-leaning corners of the internet.
Breaking it down: While the Green party continues to be the main target of misinformation, the recent floods in Germany have brought about new election misinformation narratives about supposed wrongdoing during the disasters, including far-fetched claims that the floods were entirely orchestrated for political reasons. This development has come with an increase in claims against the Christian Democratic Union party’s chancellor candidate, Armin Laschet. In its newly-launched German Election Misinformation Tracker, NewsGuard has documented five false narratives surrounding the floods in Germany — four of which single out Laschet.
In addition, NewsGuard has found 16 false claims and made-up quotes circulating about the Green party and its politicians, including from Russian propaganda sites. Indeed, a mid-June 2021 confidential report by Germany’s Federal Ministry of the Interior, first disclosed by Berlin-based newspaper Der Tagesspiegel, warned of a Russian propaganda attack against the Green party candidate, Annalena Baerbock. NewsGuard also found 12 false claims about the Union parties (comprised of the Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union, CDU and CSU) and six about the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). NewsGuard has not found any false claims so far about the Left party, the center-right Free Democratic Party (FDP), or the far-right Alternative for Germany party (AfD).
Floods in western parts of Germany in July 2021 have become a catalyst for election misinformation, spread predominantly by right-wing sites.
- For example, the anonymously-run website N23.tv — which covers German politics, health, and other issues, and has published COVID-19 misinformation and is rated Red by NewsGuard because it “severely violates basic journalistic practices” — in July promoted the false claim that the floods in Germany had been deliberately created to influence poll ratings ahead of the election.
- In a July 2021 article, the site wrote that “Perhaps this was a deliberate catastrophe, a so-called ‘game changer’ designed to correct the poll ratings shortly before the Bundestag elections. In the days following the flooding, German Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU), German Chancellor candidate Armin Laschet (CDU) and some others tried to use the disaster to stage themselves as helpers in need. But this clearly backfired.” The article also stated that “conspicuous anomalies… strongly suggest that the flooding of entire localities and regions was deliberate and perhaps even intentionally forced.”
- The article was posted by Facebook accounts that have more than 60,000 followers in total, according to data from CrowdTangle, a social media monitoring tool that is owned by Facebook.
- There is no evidence for the claim that the floods had somehow been orchestrated for political reasons. Scientists have attributed the flooding to high rainfall, likely caused or accelerated by climate change.
- Similarly, the website of the right-wing Austrian weekly newspaper Wochenblick, which is rated Red by NewsGuard, spread the false claim that the federal government’s aid to those affected by the flood was “so small” because in 2014, the government decided to divert money from the flood relief fund to refugees. In a July 2021 article, the site noted that “As early as 2014, the [national newspaper] Süddeutsche Zeitung headlined, ‘Government to use flood relief money for refugees’ — money that was paid into the flood relief fund and not used was supposed to go to refugee aid, according to the paper.”
- In fact, the reconstruction fund after the 2013 floods had nothing to do with the current flood aid, and the federal government had not decided in 2014 to spend money from the fund for refugees at that time.
- This claim was also promoted by the right-wing influencer “Neverforgetniki,” whose post was liked more than 4,000 times in total on Facebook and Twitter.
Right-wing and Russian propaganda sites also continue to promote misinformation targeting the Green party, especially the party’s chancellor candidate, Annalena Baerbock. Prominent narratives include the claim that Baerbock is a “puppet” of both Klaus Schwab, the founder and head of the World Economic Forum, and of U.S. Democratic mega donor George Soros. Schwab and Soros are often referred to on such websites as “the financial elite.”
- The right-wing, anti-immigration website FreieWelt.net, rated Red by NewsGuard, targeted the Green party with stories such as, “Annalena Baerbock is the darling of the globalists.” This April 2021 article was shared on FreieWelt.net’s official Facebook page, which had approximately 25,000 followers as of late June 2021, according to CrowdTangle. The article said in reference to Baerbock that “as a member of Klaus Schwab’s ‘cadre school’ she would be the ideal puppet to terrorize Germany with globalist interests.”
- The site is owned by a Berlin-based nonprofit founded by Beatrix von Storch, the deputy federal spokeswoman of Germany’s major far-right AfD party. (Currently, the site is run by her husband, Sven von Storch.)
- The same article included a Twitter post, also from April 2021, that said: “I congratulate George Soros on his candidacy for chancellor” and included a picture of Baerbock and Soros at the Security Conference in Munich in February 2019, which Baerbock had originally posted on her Instagram.
- There is no credible evidence, however, that Baerbock or the Green party are under the control of Schwab or Soros.
Other misinformation targeting the Green party emerged in a June 2021 opinion article on the Russian government-owned DE.RT.com (a NewsGuard Red-rated site), which picked up the debunked falsehood that Baerbock does not have any college degrees and that she lied about her education on her resume. The DE.RT.com article stated that Baerbock’s resume “was about as authentic as Hitler’s diaries.” (This is a reference to a German media scandal in which the magazine Stern purchased a 60-volume set of diaries in 1983 that supposedly belonged to Adolf Hitler for 9.3 million Deutsche Marks — $3.7 million — that later turned out to be forgeries.)
This article was shared on DE.RT.com’s official Facebook page, which had approximately 518,000 followers as of late June 2021, according to CrowdTangle.
A variation of this claim also appeared on the far-right, NewsGuard Red-rated site AnonymousNews.ru. The site, which is registered through a Moscow-based domain registry service, speculated in the headline of a May 2021 article: “Scandal in the Green Party: Did chancellor candidate Baerbock buy her university degrees?” This article was shared on AnonymousNews.ru’s official Facebook page, which had nearly 30,000 followers as of late June 2021, according to CrowdTangle.
Why we should care: The political climate in Germany has become charged in the lead-up to the federal election. Since the start of the pandemic, Germany has seen a rise in pandemic-related protests, and in 2020, it was the European country with the most resistance to government-mandated measures against the spread of COVID-19, according to multiple media reports. Although these protests found support across the German ideological spectrum, NewsGuard has found that they were largely fueled by misinformation from right-wing news sites about masks, tests, vaccines, and other COVID-related topics — a phenomenon that could happen again with the German federal election.
The August 2020 attempt by right-wing protesters to storm the Reichstag, Germany’s parliament building, set a worrying precedent. France, where presidential elections are scheduled for April 2022, is one of several European countries that over the coming months will be watching events in Germany unfold with concern.